LA PALMA

 

The Palm Isolates of Spain placed in the ocean Atlantic and inclusive in the archipelago of the Canaries. Administratively included in the province of Saint Cruz de Tenerife, it has an extension of 708 km²s and a population of 78.800 inhabitants (2001). Chief town of the island is Saint Cruz de the Palm.

Of volcanic origin, You Palm introduces a mountainous territory in which some of the more elevated volcanic tops of the archipelago are risen, among which the Roque de los Muchachos (2.426 ms), the Pico de the Cruz (2.351 ms) and the Pico de las Nieves (2.351 ms). These form a sort of mountainous amphitheater leaned out on one of the most impressive craters of the world, the Caldera de Taburiente, founded national Park in 1954. The volcanic activity of the island, of recent dating, you/he/she has made to record in 1971 the last eruption happened in Spain. The island enjoys of a mild climate although strongly conditioned by the system orografico.

The first human appropriations on the island go up again to remote epoches, as they testify some archaeological recoveries. Conquered and colonized by the Spaniards in the XV century, You Palm is destination of international tourism today, even though in smaller way in comparison to the other islands of the archipelago. The local economy is primarily based on the agriculture (fruit, vegetables and tobacco).

The island entertains one of the most important astronomic observatories of the world, the astronomic observatory of Roque de los Muchachos, near which the National Telescope is installed Galileo.