LA GOMERA

 

The Gomera Isola of Spain, situated in the ocean Atlantic and inclusive in the archipelago of the Canaries; administratively ago part of the province of Saint Cruz de Tenerife. Of volcanic origin, it has a rounded off form similar to that of Gran Canaria; to the center of the island the volcano Garajonay raises him, that reaches the 1.481 ms and whose rocky slopes go down to the sea forming a steep coast and jagged by deep throats.

The island has a warm and damp climate, with temperatures annual averages that oscillate among the 17 and the 22 °Cs, scarce thermal excursion and precipitations that reach 1000 annual mms, thanks to the influence of the winter aliseis, that you/they provoke besides abundant fogs in the slopes of mountain. This microclima has allowed the development of a particular type of vegetation, the laurisilva, a wood wreckage of the tertiary era, of notable ecological value, protected by the national Park of Garajonay.

The steep coasts, the shortage of beaches, the rainy and damp climate they do yes that the island of Gomera is less frequented by the tourism in comparison to the other islands Canarie. The economy is founded therefore on the agricultural exploitation of the fondovalles and the slopes of the volcano as that of the Gran Rey, where the water resources are abundant; the principals agricultural products are bananas, tobacco, tomatoes, potatoes and other vegetables. Other important resources for the local economy are the ovine breeding and the fishing.

The island of Gomera was conquered, between 1404 and 1405, from the French sailor Jean of Bethéncourt, on behalf of Henry III of Castile, that subsequently named him/it gentleman of the Canaries. Administratively you/he/she is divided in you are common, among which the capital of the island, St. Sebastián de the Gomera (8.445 inhabitants, 2005), it is the principal. The island has a surface of 370 km²s and a population of 17.028 inhabitants (1995).