The National Park of the Teide contains landscapes of exceptional beauty and geologic elements of extraordinary singleness and world importance. The structure of the layer vulcánico Teide-Pico Viejo that it culminates to 3.718 meters altitude on the level of the sea, 7.500 meters it is risen to above the fund of the ocean and he esteems that it is the third one of the world for his/her volume. The world importance of the Teide leans in that it is a long live attestation of the geologic trials soggiacenti to the evolution of the oceanic islands and, therefore, it comes to already complete other places volcanic affiliate in the List of the World Patrimony.
It is the most greater and more ancient of the Parks canaries. His/her extraordinary landscape is a geologic monument of the most spectacular of the world, in which the volcanic cones and the laundries of it washes they form together an extraordinary of colors and forms. You/he/she cannot forget his/her big biological wealth, the extraordinary tall percentage of endemic vegetable kind and the importance in as for number and exclusiveness of his/her invertebrate fauna.
In "Las Canadas"si finds the best register of the history of the man in Tenerife, due to the big wealth in archaeological layers.
The Teide and Las Canadas didn't have only a spiritual meaning for the guancheses, but this zone was also a fundamental resource for the survival in you determine epoches of the year. In the summer they were happened true and propie migrations in the pastures of tall mountain where the shepherds were assembled with their livestocks coming from the whole island.
The Guancheses it recalled to the Teide "Echeyde" that it meant "abode of Guayota, the Malignant one". Secondo the tradition, Guayota seized to the god of the Sun, Magec, and it brought him/it with itself inside the Teide. Well, obscurity appropriated him of the island and the guancheses he/she asked help to Achamán, its celestial supreme being. The god succeeded in defeating the Malignant one, to throw out to the sun of its captivity and to collide with the mouth of Echeyde. They say that the cork that put Achamán is the call Lump, the last cone that crowns the Teide.
It seems that the legend guanche coincides in the time with which pits the last big eruption in the same cone of the Teide.
As it tells Fernando of Christopher Columbus in his/her book "Istoria" of the admiral, when the caravels passed next to the Tenerife, the 24 August of 1492, in its staircase in You Gomeras toward America, saw to go out great blazes of the tallest mountain of all the islands.
In 1798 him to take place himself/herself/themselves that that was last big eruption inside the limits of the National Park and that it formed the calls Noses of the Teide. For three months, 12 million cubic meters went out of it washes for a crack directed in northwest-southwestern direction in the slant of Old Beak, known also as Montaña Chahorra.
He/she anchors today, apparently put to sleep the impressive volcano, continuous to impose in comparison to everybody which reaches him.
His/her stately massive structure it is the soul of the National Park, and this earth's center dominated for an absolute climatic tyranny. The Teide is not considered extinct, since it is still the possibility of that its bowel bursts new, although the geologists consider very remote the probability that this happens.
On the other hand, it is necessary to underline the names of some men without whose job the delicious flora of this zone would not be known. The first naturalist that studied the flora of the Park was the German Alexander von Humboldt that passed the winter from 1799 to 1800 in Canarie. What realized the first valid description of the Violeta of the Teide was Feuillée in 1724. During the years 50 of the century XX was the Swedish Sventenius that him incentrò in the vegetation of the National Park.
In the year 1954 declare him for decree the creation of the National Park of the Teide, with the fín to protect a landscape of impressive beauty that, in union of the special geologic particularities and the peculiarities of the flora and fauna that it maintains the they do deserving of this declaration. In 1981 the National Park of the Teide is declassified (Law of 25 of March). In 1.989 the Suggestion of Europe granted the European Diploma to the National Park in its maximum category. This prize to the management and maintenance has gone renewed in 1994, 1999 and 2004.