EL HIERRO

 

Hierro Isola of Spain, situated in the Atlantic ocean, in the archipelago of the Canaries. Known also as El Hierro, belongs to the province of Saint Cruz de Tenerife, together with the islands of Tenerife, You Gomera and You Palm. With 299 km²s of surface, it is the smallest and the least populous one of the inhabited islands of the archipelago. Punta Orchilla constitutes the extremity most western of the Spanish territory and it was the first meridian up to when you/he/she was not replaced by that of Greenwich.

As all the Canaries, Hierro is of volcanic origin, and you/he/she is constituted therefore entirely from basalts and lave. The mountainous group that crosses her/it has the form of a great arc opened toward northeast, that culminates in the peak of Malpaso (1500 ms); to its feet it opens El Golfo, characterized by a tall coast and jagged by bluffs, generally very steep, and from rare beaches in the oriental part. The dorsal mountainous that crosses the island creates a strong asymmetry pluviometrica in concomitance with the winds alisei. The southern slope is characterized by an inferior level of precipitations to the 200 mms a year, while in the most elevated zones of that northerner the 600 mms are reached.

To such characteristics the vegetation adapts him, since the temperature is mild during the whole year (17 °Cs - 24 °Cs). they Prevail the pine, the laurel, the eucalyptus, while in the lowest zones the date palm and the cactus appear. The giant ramarro of El Hierro and birds as the eagle pescatrices constitute the most representative fauna.

The agriculture and the breeding of the livestock are the principal activities, since the tourism doesn't reach the importance that has in the rest of the Canaries. The population, that added to 7.957 inhabitants in 1995, assembles him in two inhabited centers: Valverde (4.907 inhabitants, 2005), chief town of the island and Frontera.