The Canarie arcipelagos of Spain autonomous communities are situated in the Atlantic ocean, in front of the coast of Morocco. It includes the provinces of Las Palmas and Saint Cruz de Tenerife.
The principal islands of the group, in order of greatness, I am Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, You Palm, You Gomera and Hierro. The archipelago, that understands other smaller islands, has a general surface of 7.447 km²s. The population is of 1.994.7768 inhabitants, with a middle density of 267 inhabitants for km².
Las Palmas, in the island of Gran Canaria and Saint Cruz de Tenerife, to Tenerife, they are the two most important cities chief towns of the homonym provinces. The islands Canaries are of volcanic origin. The most elevated peak is the Pico de Teide or Pico de Tenerife, to Tenerife, inactive volcano that reaches the 3.718 ms. The climate is type oceanic subtropical, with mild temperatures the whole year and precipitations mainly assembled during the winter season. In the zones below the 400 ms the vegetation is similar to that of northern Africa, with date palms, dracene and cactus. To more elevated quotas laurel are found, hollies, myrtles, eucalyptuses, pines and numerous cried by flower.
Agriculture and fishing are the traditional economic activities. The ground of volcanic origin is extremely fertile, but the absence of courses of water and the frequent periods of drought make the artificial irrigation necessary in the most greater part of the cultivable areas, that you/they mainly produce bananas, citrus fruit, fig trees, grape, cereals, tomatoes, onions and potatoes. The tourism is one of the voices hinge of the local economy. Of a certain relief also the handicraft production of ceramics and jewels embroidered fabrics.
The mild and dry climate makes the islands of the archipelago an ideal place for the astronomic observation; the astronomic observatory of Roque de los Muchachos, to You Palm, entertains some of the most important telescopes of the world, among which the National Telescope Galileo.
You denominate Las Afortunadas from the ancient historians, the Canaries they were already probably notes to the Phoenician ones and to the Carthaginian ones. The Roman historian Plinio the Old man would have baptized the archipelago Canaria from the Latin Khan aris in reference to the cani ches they populated the islands. Arabic navigators reached the archipelago in the XII century and Italian Lanzarotto Malocello it disembarked you at the end of the XIII. Pope Clemente Vi granted the islands to the Castile in 1344. The French sailor Jean de Bethéncourt conquered her in 1402 and you/he/she was named gentleman of the Canaries in 1404 from Henry III of Castile. You complain from Portugal, Spanish possession you/they were recognized by the 1479 essay. Spain definitely conquered her at the end of the XV century exterminating the guanches, native people of origin berbera.