Gran Canaria Isola of Spain placed in the Atlantic ocean; it belongs to the archipelago of the Canaries and administratively ago part of the province of Las Palmas. Situated between Tenerife and Fuerteventura, it has a surface of 1.560 km²s and a population of 724.847 inhabitants (1995).
Of volcanic origin as the whole archipelago, the island has its maximum elevation in the Pico de las Nieves (1.949 ms); the southern coast of the island articulates in coastal lowlands, sandy beaches and expanses of dunes, while the northern part is rocky and rather steep. The most greater agricultural products are tobacco, tomatoes and bananas; the local industry is active in the sectors chemical, conserviero and of the workmanship of the tobacco. Principal economic resource of Gran Canaria is nevertheless the tourism. Las Palmas, chief town of the homonym province, is the principal city.
The first inhabitants of the island were the guanches-population established him in the archipelago in it was Christian and now extinct-that it organized him in independent tribe up to the XIV century. In 1483 the Gran Canaria passed under the kingdom of Castile.